A Continuous-Time Digital IIR Filter with Signal-Derived Timing and Fully Agile Power Consumption

Yu Chen, Xiaoyang Zhang, Yong Lian, Rajit Manohar, and Yannis Tsividis

Presented is the first continuous-time (CT) digital infinite impulse response (IIR) filter working on signal-derived timing in lieu of a clock. We introduce a novel design method which enables the design of high-order IIR filters using only two tap delays. An event-grouping technique is also introduced to prevent parasitic oscillations in the presence of tap delay mismatches. The 1.2-V, 65-nm CMOS prototype implements a sixth-order IIR filter, with a maximum input rate of 20 Msample/s and a stop-band rejection of more than 80 dB. Without using any power-down circuitry, the chip's power consumption tracks the input activity in a fully agile manner, and varies by more than 50x , from 0.04 to 2.32 mW. The filter achieves an figure of merit (FoM) which competes with that of discrete-time (DT) filters, while avoiding the use of a clock and an antialiasing filter. Compared to prior art in CT digital signal processings, the prototype achieves 45-dB improvement in stop-band rejection and 9x smaller delay line area. For the first time, the filtered CT digital signal is converted to synchronous mode at the end of signal chain, allowing integration with DT digital systems.